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The Petrine Deception


The Romanisation of Catholicism

Sedevacant - Without a Pope

A Servant of the Only God

The followers of Jesus did not have the New Testament in its present form… In the Early Greek manuscript, the word “Son” is not used but Jesus is called “Eved” which means “Servant” or “Slave”. It is clear that the early Christians were monotheistic both by instinct and by teaching. They lived in the very centre of monotheistic faith and it was logically impossible for them to regard Jesus in a way which would annihilate the absolute gulf which existed in their mind between man and God.

Consequently Jesus remained essentially distinct from deity. The role which they had attributed to him was of Messiah. It had a connotation which adhered to Orthodox Judaism and conformed to the Jewish nationalistic aspirations. This is obvious from Acts 1:6 when the disciples ask Jesus: “Lord, wilt thou at this time restore again the kingdom of Israel”?  Top of Page

Mission of Jesus

Jesus started his missionary activity in Israel about 30 A.D. (and it is believed in some quarters, in England about 27 A.D.) and ended in 33 A.D. with his crucifixion. A few years after the crucifixion of Jesus, St. Paul (also known as “Saul”) made his appearance on the Christian scene. He started life as the leader of a Pro-Roman Jewish Group hostile to Jesus, whose followers St. Paul persecuted with utmost severity. Then with dramatic suddenness he announced his conversion to the faith of Jesus. He had never met Jesus. St. Paul announced that his conversion was the result of a vision he had of Jesus that was so real to him that it’s effect was profound.

This was resented to and opposed by the true followers of Jesus. In this way we find that within twenty years after Jesus, two conflicting religions grew preaching two different gospels condemning and cursing each other, one that advocated the acceptance of Gentiles into Christianity and the other that maintained that Christianity was intended only for the Jews.  Top of Page

In Matthew 8:5-13, The healing of the Centurion’s Servant, Jesus was amazed at the faith of this Gentile (the Centurion): 

8:8 ...Lord, I am not worthy that thou shouldest come under my roof: but speak the word only, and my servant shall be healed. 8:9 “For I am a man under authority, having soldiers under me: and I say to this man, Go, and he goeth; and to another, Come, and he cometh; and to my servant, Do this, and he doeth it.” 8:10 “When Jesus heard it, he marvelled, and said to them that followed, Verily, I say unto you, I have not found so great faith, no, not in Israel. 8:11And I say unto you, That many shall come from the east and west, and shall sit down with Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, in the kingdom of heaven.8:12 But the children of the kingdom shall be cast out into outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.8:13 And Jesus said unto the centurion, Go thy way; and as thou hast believed, so be it unto thee. And his servant was healed in the selfsame hour.  

Here is an example where Jesus acknowledges and responds to the faith of a Gentile and predicts that many more from other lands will follow. The centurion and his servant were non-Jewish soldiers of occupation. Behind the mans reluctance to be visited by Jesus is the problem of relations between Jews and Gentiles: a Jewish teacher could not be expected to defile himself by entering a Gentile house. His simple acceptance, however, in soldiers jargon, of Jesus practical authority over illness is evidence of a faith beyond that of anyone in Israel. By including Jesus striking saying in verses 11-12, Matthew draws out the implications of this contrast for the future development of the people of God. Many will come from the east and the west (and this Gentile believer is a prototype of them) and join the Jewish patriarchs at the Messianic banquet, which all Jews expected to enjoy as of right. At the same time, however, the Jewish subjects of the kingdom who did not share this Gentiles faith would find themselves outside, in the place which popular belief assigned to the Gentiles. The basis of acceptance in the kingdom of heaven would no longer be racial origin but faith. The unusual healing from a distance (compare with: Matthew 15:21-28, also involving a Gentile patient) was thus an appropriate response to this Gentile’s faith. See also Matthew 28:16-20, “The Great Commission”.  Top of Page

Death of St Paul

St Paul died in 62 A.D. The followers of Jesus spearheaded yet another revolution against the Romans in 66 A.D. The war went on for four years. In 70 A.D. Jerusalem was destroyed and all the books were burnt. According to one source the number of Jews killed was 1,356,460. In 71 A.D., Titus who was the conqueror of Jerusalem organized a huge procession in Rome in which all the looted relics of the Templewere carried in triumph.  Top of Page

The Gospel According to Mark was produced

Pragment of The Gospel According to Mark, 6:52-53. “The Gospel According to Mark” was originally titled: “The Gospel”, and is believed to have been produced by John Mark, the translator of Peter; a fragment of the earlier version has been dated circa 40’s A.D. The title “According to Mark” was added in the second century, hence: “The Gospel According to Mark”. 

[Pictured Right: A small papyrus fragment of the the earliest copy of “The Gospel” (According to Mark) consisting of five lines of text and twenty visible letters, part of Mark 6:52-53, was found in a cave seven at Qumram. This fragment has been dated between 50 B.C. and 50 A.D., pushing the date of the original Gospel of Mark back to the 40’s A.D.]

In 75 A.D., a new version of “The Gospel” (According to Mark) was produced anonymously in which the life of Jesus was given a new twist. Jesus was shown as a harmless pro-Roman who sided with the invaders. After the fall of Jerusalem the centre of Christianity was shifted to Alexandria and the church there refused to accept Jesus as a pro-Roman and antinational hero. The fire of revolt continued to smoulder and once again in 132 A.D. there was a very widespread revolt against the Romans. The Romans were victorious and the massacre of Jews was yet again savage. The rampage extended beyond Jerusalem to far flung towns and villages and what remained of the Jewish scriptures was destroyed. After this tragedy, those who had accepted Jesus faced brutal persecution but remained undaunted.

For the next two hundred years, the Christians had only the Jewish scriptures in their hands. The stories of the life of Jesus were current but they were not canonized. The local priest was at liberty to accept or reject any version according to his choice. During this period, there were between 300 to 4,000 gospels current in the Christian world. In 325 A.D., it was decided to accept the four gospels that now form part of the New Testament. This was however decided by a majority of votes against vehement opposition by the Original Christians. The pro-Romans were successful in enlisting the support of the Roman Emperor. The other gospels were burnt. To possess a gospel not approved by the church was made a penal offence. 

It was then that:-

1. The Roman Sunday became the Christian Sabbath. It was in AD 321 when Emperor Constantine made the day of the sun god Sol Invictus (Sunday) a holy day and a day of rest for Christians.

2. The traditional birthday of Sun god i.e. 25th December became the birthday of Jesus.

3. The cross of light which was the emblem of the Pagan sun god, “Sol”, was introduced as the emblem of Christianity.

4. The concept of the Holy Trinity was adopted by the church.

With Jesus having been made into a “Second God” the next step was to bring in the “Holy Ghost” and complete the trinity, though without any authority from the Bible. The movement to bring Christianity nearer to Rome started by the new version of “The Gospel According to Mark” (produced in 75 A.D.) and was thus completed in 325 A.D. when Christianity was completely Romanised and thus was born the Roman Catholic Church.  Top of Page

Arius of Alexandria and Arianism

However, the new version of Christianity was totally rejected by those who followed the original Christianity. The leader of this group was St. Arius - a Libyan Saint. St. Arius and his followers refused to change their religion. They were persecuted but instead of submitting they faced persecution. St. Arius boldly declared that God is absolutely One. God is alone ingenerate, alone eternal, alone unchangeable and unalterable. His being is hidden in eternal mystery from the outward eye of every creature. Arius opposed any idea of manhood of God or divinity of man. He earnestly pleaded that Jesus be followed as he had himself preached.

From the above facts and arguments, we come to know that the Christianity that exists today is nothing but the Roman ideology and dogmas in the name of Christ. If you attach the name of a noble personality, to even a wrong ideology, you can easily make it “mentally digestible” to the gullible public. They will not ask any questions because they will be considered as rebels and heretics except a few bold people. Top of Page

Trinity imported from Hindu and Greek Ideologies

The concept of the Trinity was first written about by Tertullian of Carthage ((140-230 A.D.) a Roman Montanist heretic and the son of a Roman Centurion) at the end of the second century, his ideas being taken from Greek and Hindu ideologies, but was not formally adopted into Christianity until the first Council of Nicaea in 325 A.D. which was overseen by Emperor Constantine I. Like Hindus have the “Trinity” dogma (Brahma, Ishwara and Devendra), the Council of Nicaea in 325 A.D. incorporated into their Religion the dogma of Trinity by joining separate personalities of their choice, viz., God, Holy Ghost and Jesus. As mentioned before Greek Ideology too has played a role in it. The concept of the Holy Ghost to be the part of a Trinity was completely unknown to Jesus and was never advocated by him.  Top of Page

The Roman Catholic Deletion of the Second Commandment

The Roman Catholic Church leaves out the entire Second Commandment from its Decalogue; they omit it because it would interfere with the most lucrative part of their ritual - the worship and adoration of saints. Roman Catholics not only make graven images in direct prohibition and violation of the Second Commandment, but they also worship these images in defiance of an angry and jealous God. 

Roman Catholic historical records show that the Church has continuously, since the fourth century, published a mutilated set of Commandments and maintained it as the true version by prohibiting people from reading the Bible! Until the reformation the Bible was only available in Latin and very few copies were available. Few people could read let alone understand Latin fluently.

Since the Seventh General Council of Nicaea, 787 A.D., the Second Commandment has either been omitted or falsely explained away. In fact, so cleverly did the Roman Catholic Church perpetrate this heresy that up to and even after the Reformation it was not discovered, and formed the Decalogue as accepted by the Anglican Church as late as 1563. So strongly was this mutilated version of the Commandments entrenched that even Martin Luther did not discover the imposition until several decades after his schism with Rome, and accounts for the Lutherans accepting the Roman Catholic version of the Decalogue.

The Roman Catholic Church stands convicted not only by evidence taken from its own records, but also by its own authorities. The listing of the Commandments as they appear in the King James Version of the Bible has additional value to us besides furnishing incontrovertible evidence in indicting the Roman Catholic Church for deliberate deception in omitting the Second Commandment from the Decalogue.

That image worship is a degrading superstition and was condemned by the early Church Fathers in scathing terms, is one of the amazing contradictions of Roman Catholicism. St. Augustine, undoubtedly the foremost of the group, said: He who worships an image turns the truth of God unto a lie. Even the crucifix, which is worshiped and adored today, is as much an idolatrous instrument as the image of a man or woman. It was introduced as part of the worship of the Church only in the latter part of the sixth century, and finally authorized by the Council of Constantinople (Council in Trullo) in 692 A.D. The crucifix was unknown until the sixth century, and liberal Protestants still abhor its use as being a macabre idol and beneath the dignity of an intelligent person.

The Christians of France, Germany and England condemned the action of the Seventh General Council (at Nicaea in 787 A.D.) authorizing the worship of images, and foremost among the opponents was Charlemagne.

When Constantine, Emperor of Rome, embraced Christianity, he found that the incurably superstitious would not relinquish their idols, and so the Church, after a feeble and unsuccessful effort, merely incorporated idol worship as part of its ritual. The financial returns more than justified the compromise with God’s Word.  Top of Page

See the articles: The Protestantization of Roman Catholicism,

The Trinity and the Divinity of Jesus Christ


The Petrine Deception

By Douglas S. Winnail

The “primacy of Peter” doctrine asserts that Jesus gave Peter, and Peter’s successors, authority to function as the sole custodians of true Christian teaching—and as Pope Benedict asserted, “This primacy is for all time” (ibid.). Supporters of this doctrine point to one key passage of scripture, in which Jesus said, “you are Peter, and on this rock I will build My church… I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven” (Matthew 16:18–19). A careful study of this passage and other scriptures, however, reveals something very different from what Benedict has in mind.

Last June, Pope Benedict XVI reminded a crowd of 50,000 people in St. Peter’s Square that the foundation of his authority is the rock on which Jesus founded the Catholic Church—that rock being the Apostle Peter. In his remarks, he urged, “Let us pray, so that the primacy of Peter… will be increasingly recognized in its true meaning by brothers not yet in communion with us” (Zenit News Agency, June 7, 2006). Benedict was proclaiming that all who call themselves Christians should acknowledge the Roman pontiff as the unique and singular head of the Christian world.

His claim—the so-called “Petrine theory”—has been standard Roman Catholic teaching for centuries. Many, however, do not realize that neither the Bible nor history support such an assertion of papal authority. In fact, Benedict’s notion of papal primacy is one of religion’s longest-running deceptions! 

Roman Doctrine vs. the Bible

The “primacy of Peter” doctrine asserts that Jesus gave Peter, and Peter’s successors, authority to function as the sole custodians of true Christian teaching—and as Pope Benedict asserted, “This primacy is for all time” (ibid.). Supporters of this doctrine point to one key passage of scripture, in which Jesus said, “you are Peter, and on this rock I will build My church… I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven” (Matthew 16:18–19).

A careful study of this passage and other scriptures, however, reveals something very different from what Benedict has in mind. In the original Greek text, Jesus’ statement is actually a play on words. The Greek word for “Peter” is petros (meaning a small stone), and the Greek word for “rock” is petra (a huge rock or mountain). The Bible clearly shows that Jesus Christ is the Rock (see 1 Corinthians 10:4; 1 Peter 2:4; see also Psalm 118:22; Isaiah 28:16). He was referring to Himself as the petra, and to His disciple Peter as the petros.

Scripture also shows that the Church was not founded on Peter alone, but was “built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ Himself being the chief cornerstone” (Ephesians 2:20). Jesus described His petros—Peter—as a foundation stone of the Church, along with the other apostles and prophets. However, Jesus Christ and His teachings would remain the true foundation of the Church. This is the true meaning of Matthew 16:18–19. Attempts to twist this verse into a statement of Peter’s exclusive authority are simply not biblical. This is why the Roman claim for power based on Peter’s supposed primacy has never been accepted by the Eastern Orthodox churches, and why it was rejected by the Protestant reformers (see Civilization Past & Present, Wallbank, p. 133). 

Peter’s Biblical Role

What does the Bible reveal about Peter’s role in the early Church? Peter is placed first in lists of the twelve apostles (Matthew 10:1–4; Luke 6:13–16). He was often the spokesman for the group (Matthew 16:13–16), and he gave the first sermon on Pentecost (Acts 2). Peter, along with James and John, was one of three pillars in the Jerusalem Church (Galatians 2:9). Peter, Paul and Barnabas made observations about doctrine at a conference in Jerusalem, but James—not Peter—chaired the conference and rendered the final decision (Acts 15). Peter was the apostle to the Jews, and Paul was the apostle to the Gentiles—but neither one is listed as above the other (Galatians 2:7). Paul even corrected Peter (Galatians 2:11–14). Peter refused homage when it was offered (Acts 10:25–26); no one kissed his ring. The Bible reveals that Peter was a leader among the apostles, but he neither had nor claimed primacy over the others. 

Facts of History

But was Peter the first pope to preside in Rome? Even Catholic sources acknowledge that the term “pope” was not used in the West “until the first half of the 5th century” (Short Biographies of All the Popes, Lozzi Roma, p. 2). As scholar Hans Küng states: “Catholic theologians concede that there is no reliable evidence that Peter was ever in charge of the church in Rome as supreme head or bishop” (The Catholic Church, Küng, p. 20). Professor Küng also mentions that “there could be no question of a legal primacy—or even of a pre-eminence based on the Bible—of the Roman community or even of the Bishop of Rome in the first centuries” (ibid., p. 49). The New Testament does not link Peter with Rome, and it mentions no successor to Peter. The apostles urged Christians to look to Jerusalem and the churches in Judea—not to Rome—as their models (Galatians 1:18; 1 Thessalonians 2:14). 

Historians know that the bishop of Rome was “at first only one of several patriarchs” (Civilization Past & Present, Wallbank, 6th ed., p. 133). There were also patriarchs in Constantinople, Antioch, Jerusalem and Alexandria who were regarded as equals—but history records that they were also competitive and grasping for power. Around 160ad, Bishop Anacetus of Rome tried to pressure Polycarp, the bishop of Smyrna, to keep the Roman Easter instead of the biblical Passover held on Nisan 14. Anacetus was unsuccessful, because Polycarp said he was following a tradition learned from the Apostle John. Fifty years later, another Roman bishop, Victor, threatened to excommunicate the eastern churches for not adopting the Roman date of Easter. Again they refused, and they continued to follow true apostolic teaching. 

The Petrine theory holds that Peter’s successors are to decide doctrinal matters for the Church. Yet, at the Council of Nicaea in 325ad, records show that the Roman bishop, Sylvester I, did not attend and exercised no primacy when the date of Easter was set as a replacement for the biblical Passover, and when Sunday worship officially replaced the seventh-day Sabbath. The Council of Nicaea was called and presided over not by a Roman bishop, but by the Emperor Constantine. As emperor, Constantine held the title of Pontifex Maximus in the pagan Roman religion—a title that Roman bishop Leo I would adopt a century later when arguing for the Petrine primacy over all other bishops. In 451ad, however, the Council of Chalcedon rebuffed Leo, and decreed that the bishops of Rome and Constantinople had equal authority. By 1200ad, Pope Innocent III was claiming to be the “Vicar of Christ,” and the Supreme Sovereign of the Church and the world (Halley’s Bible Handbook, p. 776). For about 600 years during the Middle Ages, Roman bishops pointed to the “Donation of Constantine” as evidence of their right to preside over all the other bishops, but the document was later proven to be a fraud (Kung, p. 50). 

Prophetic Warnings

Scripture and history both show that the early Church did not recognize the Roman theory of Petrine primacy. Rather, it was ambitious Roman bishops who developed the doctrine to gain power over other bishops and their churches. Jesus Christ warned that at the end of the age, many would be deceived by false teachers claiming to represent Him (Matthew 24:3–5). Paul warned that in the latter times hypocritical teachers would spread lies (1 Timothy 4:1–3) and would delude people into believing ancient heresies and unbiblical traditions (2 Thessalonians 2:1–15). These long-standing warnings are coming alive today! 

— Douglas S. Winnail —



Catalogue of the Principle Heresies
of the Roman Catholic church

(Taken from an article compiled by Rev Stephen L. Testa, entitled: List of Catholic Heresies and Human Traditions,
and edited by Rev Dr B B Michael John Mackenzie-Hanson).

NB These dates are in many cases approximate. Many of these heresies had been current in the Church years before, but only when they were officially adopted by a Church council and proclaimed by the pope as dogma of faith, did they become binding on Catholics.

For doctrine to be true it must conform to the Word of God.

To the law and to the testimony; if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them. (Isaiah 8:20)

Heresy Date
OF ALL THE HUMAN TRADITIONS taught and practiced by the Roman Catholic Church, which are contrary to the Bible, the most ancient are the prayers for the dead and the sign of the Cross.  Both began 300 years after Christ. 310
Doctrine of the trinity was imposed by Emperor Constantine I at the Council of Nicaea.  325
Veneration of angels and dead saints. [The Arian Catholic Church honours Angels and Saints especially those of notable achievement and sacrifice, all Christians who have been baptised and have died are saints. However all prayers must only be directed God. - MJ.] 375
The Mass, as a daily celebration, adopted. 394
The worship of Mary, the mother of Jesus, and the use of the term, “Mother of God”, as applied to her, originated in the Council of Ephesus 431
Priests began to dress differently from the laity 500
Extreme Unction 526
The doctrine of Purgatory was first established by Gregory the Great 593
The Latin language, as the language of prayer and worship in churches, was also imposed by Pope Gregory I. 600 years after Christ

The Word of God forbids praying and teaching in an unknown tongue. (1st Corinthians 14:9).
The Bible teaches that we pray to God alone. In the primitive church never were prayers directed to Mary, or to dead saints. This practice began in the Roman Church

(Matthew 11:28; Luke 1:46; Acts 10:25-26; 14:14-18)
The Papacy is of pagan origin. The title of pope or universal bishop, was first given to the bishop of Rome by the wicked emperor Phocas

This he did to spite Bishop Ciriacus of Constantinople, who had justly excommunicated him for his having caused the assassination of his predecessor emperor Mauritius. Gregory 1, then bishop of Rome, refused the title, but his successor, Boniface III, first assumed title “pope.”

Jesus did not appoint Peter to the headship of the apostles and forbade any such notion. (Luke 22:24-26; Ephesians 1:22-23; Colossians 1:18; 1st Corinthians 3:11).

Note: Nor is there any mention in Scripture, nor in history, that Peter ever was in Rome, much less that he was pope there for 25 years; Clement, 3rd bishop of Rome, remarks that “there is no real 1st century evidence that Peter ever was in Rome.”
The kissing of the Pope’s feet

It had been a pagan custom to kiss the feet of emperors. The Word of God forbids such practices. (Read Acts 10:25-26; Revelation 19:10; 22:9).
The Temporal power of the Popes

When Pepin, the usurper of the throne of France, descended into Italy, called by Pope Stephen II, to war against the Italian Lombards, he defeated them and gave the city of Rome and surrounding territory to the pope. Jesus expressly forbade such a thing, and He himself refused worldly kingship. (Read Matthew 4:8-9; 20:25-26; John 18:38).
Worship of the cross, images and relics was authorized

This was by order of Dowager Empress Irene of Constantinople, who first caused to pluck the eyes of her own son, Constantine VI, and then called a church council at the request of Hadrian I, pope of Rome at that time.

Such practice is called simply IDOLATRY in the Bible, and is severely condemned. (Read Exodus 20:4; 3:17; Deuteronomy 27:15; Psalm 115).
Holy Water, mixed with a pinch of salt and blessed by the priest, was authorized 850
The veneration of St. Joseph began 890
The baptism of bells was instituted by Pope John XIV 965
Canonization of dead saints, first by Pope John XV

Every believer and follower of Christ is called saint in the Bible. (Read Romans 1:7; 1st Colossians 1:2).
Fasting on Fridays and during Lent were imposed

Imposed by popes said to be interested in the commerce of fish. (Bull, or permit to eat meat), some authorities say, began in the year 700. This is against the plain teaching of the Bible. (Read Matthew 15:10; 1st Corinthians 10:25; 1st Timothy 4:1-3).
The Mass was developed gradually as a sacrifice; attendance made obligatory in the 11th century.

The Bible teaches that the sacrifice of Christ was offered once and for all, and is not to be repeated, but only commemorated in the Lord’s Supper. (Read Hebrews 7:27; 9:26-28; 10:10-14).
The celibacy of the priesthood was decreed by Pope Hildebrand, Boniface VII

Jesus imposed no such rule, nor did any of the apostles. On the contrary, St. Peter was a married man, and St. Paul says that bishops were to have wife and children. (Read 1st Timothy 3:2,5, and 12; Matthew 8:14-15).
The Rosary, or prayer beads was introduced by Peter the Hermit, in the year 1090. Copied from Hindus and Mohammedans

The counting of prayers is a pagan practice and is expressly condemned by Christ. (Matthew 6:5-13).
The Inquisition of heretics was instituted by the Council of Verona in the year 1184. Jesus never taught the use of force to spread His religion 1184
The sale of Indulgences, commonly regarded as a purchase of forgiveness and a permit to indulge in sin.

Christianity, as taught in the Bible, condemns such a traffic and it was the protest against this traffic that brought on the Protestant Reformation in the 16th century.
The dogma of Transubstantiation was decreed by Pope Innocent III, in the year

By this doctrine the priest pretends to perform a daily miracle by changing a wafer into the body of Christ, and then he pretends to eat Him alive in the presence of his people during Mass. The Bible condemns such absurdities; for the Lord’s Supper is simply a memorial of the sacrifice of Christ. The spiritual presence of Christ is implied in the Lord’s Supper. (Read Luke 22:19-20; John 6:35; 1st Corinthians 11:26).
Confession of sin to the priest at least once a year was instituted by Pope Innocent III., in the Lateran Council

The Bible commands us to confess our sins direct to God. (Read Psalm 51:1-10; Luke 7:48; 15:21; 1st John 1:8-9).
The adoration of the wafer (Host), was decreed by Pope Honorius

So the Roman Church worships a God made by human hands. This is plain idolatry and absolutely contrary to the spirit of the Gospel. (Read John 4:24).
The Bible forbidden to laymen and placed in the Index of forbidden books by the Council of Valencia

Jesus commanded that the Scriptures should be read by all. (John 5:39; 1st Timothy 3:15-17).
The Scapular was invented by Simon Stock, an English monk

It is a piece of brown cloth, with the picture of the Virgin and supposed to contain supernatural virtue to protect from all dangers those who wear it on naked skin. This is fetishism.
The Roman Church forbade the cup to the laity, by instituting the communion of one kind in the Council of Constance

The Bible commands us to celebrate the Lord’s Supper with unleavened bread and the fruit of the vine. (Read Matthew 26:27; 1st Corinthians 11:26-29).
The doctrine of Purgatory was proclaimed as a dogma of faith by Council of Florence

There is not one word in the Bible that would teach the purgatory of priests. The blood of Jesus Christ cleanseth us from all sins. (Read 1st John 1:7-9; 2:1-2; John 5:24; Romans 8:1).
The Ave Maria, part of the last

It was completed 50 years afterward and finally approved by Pope Sixtus V, at the end of the 16th century.
The Council of Trent, held in the year 1545, declared that Tradition is of equal authority with the Bible

By tradition is meant human teachings. The Pharisees believed the same way, and Jesus bitterly condemned them, for by teaching human tradition, they nullified the commandments of God. (Read Mark 7:7-13; Colossians 2:8; Revelation 22:18).
The Creed of Pope Pius IV was imposed as the official creed 1560 years after Christ and the apostles

True Christians retain the Holy Scriptures as their creed. Hence their creed is 1500 years older than the creed of Roman Catholics. (Read Galatians 1:8).
The Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary was proclaimed by Pope Pius IX

The Bible states that all men, with the sole exception of Christ, are sinners. Mary herself had need of a Savior. (Read Romans 3:23; 5:12; Psalm 51:5; Luke 1:30,46,47).
In the year 1870 after Christ, Pope Pius IX proclaimed the dogma of Papal Infallibility

This is a blasphemy and the sign of the apostasy and of the antichrist predicted by St. Paul. (Read 2nd Thessalonians 2:2-12; Revelation 17:1-9; 13:5-8,18).

Many Bible students see the number of the beast (Rev. 13:18), 666 in the Roman letters of the Pope’s title: “VICARIVS FILII DEI.” -- V-5, I-1; C-100, I-1; V-S, I-1; L-50, I-1; I-1; D-500, I-l — Total, 666.
Pope Plus X, in the year 1907, condemned together with “Modernism”, all the discoveries of modern science which are not approved by the Church

Pius IX had done the same thing in the Syllabus of 1864.
In the year 1930 Pius XI, condemned the Public Schools 1930
In the year 1931 the same pope Pius XI, reaffirmed the doctrine that Mary is the Mother of God

This doctrine was first invented by the Council of Ephesus in the year 431. This is a heresy contrary by Mary’s own words. (Read Luke 1:46-49; John 2: l-5).
In the year 1950 the last dogma was proclaimed by Pope Pius XII, the bodily Assumption of the Virgin Mary into heaven. 1950

The following list are claimed to be Heresies by Protestant Evangelists yet the Arian Catholic church does not agree...

Wax Candles introduced in church. circa...

Archbishop’s response: The bible speaks of lanterns being lit during services and the holy spirit descending on the disciples like tongues of flame, so why shouldn’t we have lit a candle when the technology became available? - M-J.

The apocryphal books were added to the Bible also by the Council of Trent, these books were not recognized as canonical by the Jewish Church. (See Revelation 22:8-9).

Archbishop’s response: The books of the new testament were not recognised as canonical by the Jewish church either yet they weren’t made canon until the fourth century when many other texts also appealed to by the Early Church fathers were burned. If the texts of the Early Church fathers were not to be noted then how is it that people in the fourth century, amid such trinitarian heresy, suddenly had the authority to decide what was canon and what wasn’t? There are references to the Apocrypha and the Pseudepigrapha in the canonical texts, the the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Nag Hammadi are a testimony to the texts in use at those times. The Greek Septuagint, which was referred to by the Apostles and disciples, included more texts than the Hebrew bible including the Apocrypha as did the later Codex Sinaiticus. The Arian Catholic Church supports the broader canon and is opposed to the censorship of important texts! - M-J.

The doctrine of 7 Sacraments affirmed

The Bible says that Christ instituted only two ordinances, Baptism and the Lord’s Supper. (Read Matthew 28:19-20; 26:26-28).

Archbishop’s response: Read also the following in relation to the Presentation of a Baby or Child - Mark 10:13-16, Matthew 19:13-15, Luke 2:22 and 18:16-17; Conversion (Confession/Reconciliation) - Matthew 6:5-6, 16:19, 18:18, and John 20:21-23; Marriage - Mark 10:6-9, Matthew 19:4-6, Luke 18:15-17, Ephesians 5:22-33 and 1 Corinthians 7:9; Ordination - Luke 1:9, Acts 8:17, 1 Corinthians 7:17-24, 1 Peter 2:4-10, 1 Timothy 3:1-13, Titus 1:5-7, the sacrament of Ordination was commanded by God through Moses in Leviticus 8:1-36, see also Psalm 50:5; Extreme Unction (including Prayers for the Sick and Exorcism) - Yeshua cast-out demons (), healed the sick through payer () and committed his own soul to God (); these things he taught us by example and his apostles continued to practice after his death. M-J.




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